In May 2010, the General Office of the State Council in China transponded the Guiding Opinions on Joint Prevention and Control of Air Pollution and Improvement of Regional Air Quality formulated by various departments, one of which is the Ministry of Environmental Protection. It includes three main points: 1) The joint control of various pollutants. It is explicitly pointed out in the Guiding Opinion to control pollutants including sulfur dioxide, nitric oxide, harmful particles in the atmosphere, volatile organic compounds and greenhouse gases. 2) Clean utilization of energies, such as the control of coal burning pollution, the promotion of clean energy and the development of central heating. 3) The control of pollution sources. This is targeted at main industries and enterprises, which includes methods like the establishing and perfecting of an administrative system of pollution, a mechanism of scientific and technological support, policies and measures, a coordination system, and responsibility and assessment mechanisms. Currently the Ministry of Environmental Protection is drafting supporting policies for the Guiding Opinions on Joint Prevention and Control of Air Pollution and Improvement of Regional Air Quality and is preparing for the promulgation of the implementation of regulations of each measure in the Guiding Opinion to apply the specific requirements of the Guiding Opinion in practice.
Recently, China has performed elementary practical work in the area of regional joint protection and control. During the Beijing Olympics, with the approval of the State Council, the Ministry of Environmental Protection established the Coordination Group of Air Quality Assurance for the Olympics with the governments of six provinces, autonomous regions and cities including Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, Inner Mongolia and Shandong. Based on scientific research, they drafted and implemented the Measures for Beijing’s Air Quality Assurance in the 29th Olympics and Paralympics. The governments of the six provinces, autonomous regions and cities ensured the Beijing air quality met the WHO’s standards which created the highest level of air quality in the last ten years. This was done by disassembling each specification of the assurance measures in each district and city, then given to enterprises in charge of drainage discharge by enhancing their work in the regulation of coal burning pollution, industrial restructuring, regulation of industry pollution, control of fugitive dust pollution as well as the Prevention and Control of auto vehicle pollution.